4/18/2020 – Day 5

These particles mark the animate indirect object of the sentence, corresponding with “to” in English.

  1. 한테: when the indirect objects are all animate objects such as person, animals.
  2. 에게: is used instead of 한테 in more formal usage such as written communication.
  3. 께: when the indirect object is the esteemed person or senior, such as one’s boss, teachers, 께 can be used instead of 한테 or 에게.
  4. 한테서 & 에게서: These two particles mark an animate source, corresponding to “from” in English. The only difference between 한테서 and 에게서 is that the former is used in informal settings whereas the latter is used for a more formal context.

Exercise 5.1
Choose the appropriate particle from the brackets:
Example: 학교(에/에서) 공부해요 “(I) study at school”

  1. 어디(에/에서) 일하세요? “Where (do you) work?”
  2. 오전 11 시(/에서) 서울로 떠나요. “(I) leave for Seoul at 11am.”
  3. 공원(에/에서) 만나요. “Let’s meet at the park”
  4. 이번 주말(/에서) 뭐 하세요? “What (do you) do this weekend?”
  5. 토마스가 런던(에/에서) 왔어요. “Thomas came from London”
  6. 제이슨은 시카고(에/에서) 일해요. “As for Jason, (he) works in Chicago”
  7. 학교 식당(에/에서) 아침을 먹어요. “(I) eat breakfast at the school cafeteria”
  8. 한국어 수업이 오후 3 시(/에서) 있어요. “Korean class is at 3 pm”
  9. 집(에/에서) 학교까지 차로 1 시간 걸려요. “(It) takes 1 hour by car from home to school”

Exercise 5.2
Circle the appropriate particle in the brackets:
Example: 어머니(한테/ 한테서) 소식을 들었어요. “(I) heard the news from mother”

  1. 제 친구(에/한테) 연락했어요. “(I) contacted my friend”
  2. 리사(한테/ 한테서) 선물을 받았어요. “(I) received a present from Lisa”
  3. 할아버지(/ 한테/ 한테서) 전화 할 거예요. “(I) will make a phone call to grandfather”
  4. 나(한테/ 한테서) 무슨 선물을 받고 싶어요? “What kind of present (do you) want to receive from me?”
  5. 어제 톰(한테/ 한테서) 책을 줬어요. “(I) gave books to Tom yesterday”
  6. 누구(에게/ 에게서) 열쇠를 받았어요? “From whom (did you) receive the key?”
  7. 대학생들(에게/ 에게서) 한국어를 가르쳐요. “(I) teach Korean to college students”