4/11/2020 – Day 4


와/ 과, (이)랑, 하고 = And
1) 와/과
– 와 (is used with the noun that ends in a vowel
– 과 (is used with the noun that ends in a consonant)
2) (이)랑: tends to be used for more informal and/or colloquial settings.
– 이랑 (is used with a noun that ends in a consonant)
– 랑 (is used with a noun that ends in a vowel)
3) 하고: a one-form particle that comes after a noun regardless of whether it ends in a vowel or a consonant

There is no apparent meaning difference between 하고 and the other two particles 와/과 and (이)랑. However, 하고 seems to be less informal than 와/과 but more formal than (이)랑.

Exercise 4
Fill in the blank with either 이랑 or 랑.
Example: 수잔 _ 데이트해요. “(I) date with Susan”
= 수잔이랑 데이트해요.

  1. 친구이야기해요. “(I) chat with a friend”
  2. 사무엘이랑 운동해요. “(I) exercise with Samuel”
  3. 제니퍼에어로빅을 해요. “(I) do aerobics with Jennifer”
  4. 데니엘이랑 요리해요. “(I) cook with Daniel”
  5. 이사벨이랑 쇼핑 해요. “(I) do shopping with Isabel”
  6. 제임스공부해요. “(I) study with James”
  7. 캐서린이랑 전화를 해요. “(I) talk to Catherine over the phone”
  8. 가족이랑 외식 해요. “(I) dine out with family
  9. 피터청소해요. “(I) clean with Peter”
  10. 선생님이랑 노래해요. “(I) sing with the teacher”